Hoping to emigrate for work, or are you already away and thinking of moving elsewhere? Read this for what you need to know about living and working in abroad, including working holidays for people under age 35. You’ll also find details of Irish Business Networks around the world.
- Working Holidays for people under age 35
Ireland has working holiday agreements with the following countries:
Country Age Visa Duration Max. number of visas available per year Argentina 18 – 30 6 months 100 Australia 18 – 30 12 months unlimited Canada – IEC Working Holiday 18 – 35 24 months 7,700 Canada – IEC Young Professionals 18 – 35 24 months 2,500 Canada – IEC International Co-op 18 – 35 12 months 500 Chile 18 – 30 6-12 months 100 Hong Kong 18 – 30 12 months 200 Japan 18 – 25 12 months 400 New Zealand 18 -30 12 months unlimited Republic of Korea (South Korea) 18 – 30 12 months 400 Taiwan 18 – 30 6 months 400 USA – Intern Work & Travel Over 18 12 months 20,000
Full details of each working holiday can be found in our leaflet Working Holidays for Irish Citizens
- Living and working in Europe
Irish citizens can live, work and travel within the EU / EEA. For everything you need to know about living and working in Europe, download our ‘Leaving Ireland for Europe‘ factsheet. It includes specific information on transferring social welfare benefits if you’re a jobseeker, employment-related links and details for EURES (European Employment Services) advisors in Ireland.
- Living and working in the UK
Irish citizens can live, work and travel in the UK without restriction. Find out all about living in the UK at www.citizensadvice.org.uk.
The first thing you will need is a place to stay. Start your search at www.rightmove.co.uk. If you have not lived in the UK before, it’s unlikely that you will be able to access local authority housing or homeless services. See here for more on this: www.citizensadvice.org.uk/housing/.
It is also a good idea to start looking for a job before you move. These links will help:
National Insurance Numbers
This is a unique reference number that you will need for tax, social welfare and to deal with any UK government agencies. It is like a PPS number but for the UK. You can only apply for this once you have a UK address, and applications can take 8 weeks to process. Find out how to apply at: www.gov.uk/apply-national-insurance-number. You cannot access any benefits or entitlements until you have received this so you will need to be able to support yourself during this time.
Social welfare support
You can apply for a social welfare payment in the UK if you have a low income, or are looking for work. For some payment you must have lived there or in the Common Travel Area (including the Republic of Ireland) for the last 3 months. You will need a National Insurance Number to apply. You may also need to prove that you do not have any active social welfare claims in Ireland.
Applications take time to process so it is very important that you be financially able to support yourself in the meantime. Find more information on benefits & entitlements in the UK at www.gov.uk/browse/benefits.
Under the National Health Service (NHS), health services in the UK are mostly free for UK residents. You will need a National Insurance Number and a UK address before you can register with a Doctor on the NHS. See www.nhs.uk for full details.
For all you need to know about public services in Northern Ireland, see the Northern Ireland Citizen’s Advice at www.citizensadvicebelfast.com. For information on Northern Ireland healthcare see www.hscni.net.
For information on living and working between Ireland and Northern Ireland see Borderpeople.info.
If you are going to the UK because you are homeless or in crisis in Ireland, come speak to us before you decide to go.
A useful guide to moving to London, including information on jobs and accommodation, is available from the London Irish Centre, at www.londonirishcentre.org/moving-to-london/.
Going to Luton? Check out http://thisisluton.com/.
Moving to or just arrived in Birmingham? Take a look at www.birminghamirish.org.uk/just-arrived
Irish Support Organisations in the UK may be able to provide more information on living there.
- Living and working in Australia
For an overview of the sort of things to consider if you are thinking of going to Australia, read this this excellent guide by the Irish Times Abroad: www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/abroad/australia.
To live and work in Australia, you will need a visa or work permit. Research your options using this official Visa Finder Tool. You’ll also find more information at the website of the Australian Government Department of Immigration and Border Control: www.border.gov.au
If you are between the age of 18 to 30, you might be interested in doing a working holiday in Australia. Read all about this in the section above.
If you are thinking of using a Visa Agent or Migration Specialist to help you with your visa application, make sure that they are registered with the Office of Migration Agents Registration Authority (MARA) – see www.mara.gov.au.
Working in FIFO
FIFO involves workers travelling to remote mining areas to work on roster for a number of weeks then returning home for a fixed break. It’s most common in Western Australia and Queensland.
We’ve put together a guide for Irish people working in or thinking about working in FIFO at www.migrantproject.ie/fifo.
The guides below will give you more information on specific regions and your rights in Australia:
Irish Support Organisations in Australia may be also able to provide more information on living there.
- Living and working in New Zealand
For an overview of the sort of things to consider if you are thinking of going to New Zealand, read this this excellent guide by the Irish Times Abroad: www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/abroad/new-zealand.
If you are thinking of going to New Zealand, start by doing some research on the various visa options available to you as an Irish citizen. Full details of these are available on the official Immigration New Zealand website (part of the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment) at www.immigration.govt.nz.
If you are between the age of 18 to 30, you might be interested in doing a working holiday in New Zealand. Read all about this in the section above.
The website of the Consulate General of Ireland in New Zealand also contains lots of useful information for Irish people in New Zealand. See www.ireland.co.nz.
Irish Support Organisations in New Zealand may be able to provide more information on living there.
- Living and working in the USA
Unless you already have a visa that allows you to live and work in the USA, you will need to start doing your research on visa options. To be sure that you are getting the most up to date information, go to the US Department of State website at https://travel.state.gov/. You can also try the Department’s Visa Wizard to help you figure out what visa options you have.
You might also want to consider applying for the Diversity Visa Programme (the Green Card lottery). See the official site for full details www.dvlottery.state.gov.
J-1 and graduates
If you are a recent graduate from a QQI Level 6 course or higher check out our leaflet on the Intern Work and Travel Programme, a 12 month US visa for Irish graduates.
If you are going to the USA on a J-1 Visa, read the Coalition of Irish Immigration Centers leaflet by clicking here. You can also check out this great guide from the Union of Students in Ireland (USI) at http://bit.ly/1NxRyNn.
Claiming a pension from Ireland
If you are already living in the USA and would like some information on applying for an Irish State pension, take a look at our ‘Claiming an Irish State pension when living in the USA’ leaflet.
Irish Support Organisations in the USA may be able to provide more information on living there.
- Living and working in Canada
For an overview of the sort of things to consider if you are thinking of going to Canada, read this this excellent guide by the Irish Times Abroad: www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/abroad/canada. Moving2Canada also has lots of useful tips.
Start by looking into the visa options available to you at the website of the Canadian Department of Citizenship and Immigration: www.cic.gc.ca.
If you between the ages of 18 and 35 and you are thinking of going to Canada on the International Experience Canada (IEC), take a look at www.cic.gc.ca/iec-eic. In 2016 there were a total of 10,700 visas available on the IEC and these are divided into 3 categories: Working Holiday category (7,700 places), Young Professionals category (2,500 places), and International Co-op category (500 places). Read all about this in our information leaflet ‘Applying for the International Experience Canada in 2018 ‘.
Irish Support Organisations in Canada may be able to provide more information on living there.
- Living and working in the Middle East
For an overview of the sort of things to consider if you are thinking of going to the Middle East, read this this excellent guide by the Irish Times Abroad: www.irishtimes.com/life-and-style/abroad/destination-gulf-the-irish-times. AbuDhabiPaddy also has lots of useful tips.
Although there are no Irish welfare groups in the Middle East yet, there are a large number of GAA clubs that be a good way to network once you are there.
- Irish Business Networks
Irish business networks exist around the world. Many run networking events which can be a great way to make connections in the local business community.
- Middle East
- Central and South America
If you know of an Irish business network that you think we should include, send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org and tell us more.